The research topics for the next decade in the Japanese oceanographic community are discussed, with a focus on the coastal oceans. The Oceanographic Society of Japan formed a working group in 2021 to discuss the future directions in research related to coastal oceans, polar oceans, mid-latitude oceans, tropical oceans, deep ocean, air-sea boundary, and new methods and problems. The report of a year-and-a-half-long discussion was recently published, and here in this article, I will introduce the contents written in the chapter on coastal oceans, which is about research conducted on coastal regions around Japan.

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