Former Commandant, Japan Coast Guard
In recent years, there has been an expansion and universalization of Coast Guard agencies against the background of expanding sea areas under the jurisdiction of coastal states and various changes occurring in the marine environment. The circumstances leading to each Coast Guard agency’s establishment and organizational structure are diverse, but standardization can also be seen, for example, in the naming of agencies. As border-straddling threats and fears of large-scale disasters at sea increase, a new level of cooperation and coordination among Coast Guard agencies is hoped for.
Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Daito Bunka University
The Pacific Island countries, which possess vast EEZs, have limited land areas and fragile economic infrastructures. As a result, there is a high level of dependency on the fishing industry as both a food source for the people and a platform for diplomacy. The allocation of fishing quotas for offshore tuna fisheries is used as a diplomatic bargaining chip to augment government revenue. Now that policies are prioritizing job creation and societal stability, however, offshore fishing is becoming a domestic industry. Coastal fishing is looked on as a household task, and resources are monitored under the traditional system for fishing rights.
Professor, Division of Humanities and Social Science, Tokyo Gakugei University
I would like here to introduce water’s edge border control strategies for epidemics in the coastal areas of western Kyushu in the Edo Period, as well as how foreign castaways received different treatment based on their origins; also, how the sick were quarantined on uninhabited islands (the Goto Islands in Nagasaki and Amakusa in Kumamoto). I would also like to examine issues regarding differences in treatment given to people who died from illness and how uninhabited islands are used today.