The objective of this project is to invite Asian opinion leaders to Japan in order to increase opportunities for dialogue with Japanese individuals active in politics, academia and finance and thereby strengthen collaboration between Japan and Asian countries.
|Implementing Agency||The Sasakawa Peace Foundation||Year||Implementation year（3/3）|
|Project Type||Self OperatedGrantCommissionedOther||Year project budget implementation||29,200,000yen|
The Sasakawa Peace Foundation has invited Prof. Gowher Rizvi, Advisor to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh as a part of the project entitled “Asian Opinion Leaders’ Exchange” and organized the lecture “Is Government Dead? - The Future of Governance” in Tokyo on 7 April 2016. Prof. Chiharu Takenaka, Professor, Rikkyo University moderated the discussions.
Prof. Rizvi explained in his lecture that the government’s work has expanded over the decades to sustain socio-economic development and transformed to respond to the market and social development despite while the duties expected for the government hasn’t changed. As excessive bureaucracy has been criticized and the smaller government has been called for, the government is increasingly required to provide regulations and public services effectively to meet the needs of the society. The government needs to operate effectively in the mutual confidence with the people and to play a role to network and coordinate various stakeholders and facilitate flexible social innovation to meet the ongoing transformation. With respect to the Bangladesh’s national and foreign policies, Prof. Rizvi stated that Bangladesh as a plural and democratic state, strives to foster socio-economic development in the country and advance the policies towards reinforcing partnership with the countries in Asia and promoting prosperity in the region.
Prof. Gowher Rizvi
After the lecture, Prof. Rizvi responded to the comments by Prof. Takenaka and questions from the floor as follows:
By applying the analogy of his lecture to the context of Bangladesh and its neighbouring countries such as economic gaps, failed states and oppression in the neighbouring Islamic countries, Prof. Rizvi stated that Bangladesh aims to develop as a pluralistic and democratic country by ensuring accountability and enhancing productivity and promoting innovation. There are 85,000 villages in Bangladesh and local governments have introduced IT to improve public services. Prof. Risvi also underlined that Bangladesh is a secular and pluralistic country and totally different from those controlled by IS.
Prof. Chiharu Takenaka
reference to economic cooperation with Japan, Prof. Rizvi stated that it is intended to promote all-inclusive development and provide basic universal health insurance in the country. Prof. Rizvi stated his hope that Bangladesh with the staple political conditions and abundant skilled labours will continue to attract foreign direct investment including those from Japan. Concerning the possible application of his analogy to a communist or dictatorship country, Prof. Rizvi mentioned that it is important for the government to protect human rights and democratization. Regarding human rights and diplomacy, Prof. Rizvi pointed out that Bangladesh implement the labour standards and conventions of the International Labour Organisation and contribute to regional stability and prosperity through improving its relations with India and Myanmar. With respect to the role of the government in advancing development, Prof. Rizvi emphasized that it is important to promote innovative approaches at various areas.
The Sasakawa Peace Foundation has invited Dr. Wijarn Simachaya (Director-General, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Thailand), Dr. Qwanruedee Chotichanathawewong (Director, Strategic Environmental Research and Development Center, National Research Council), Ms. Pattaraporn Srichumni (Environmental Officer, Pollution Control Department, Thailand) and Mr. Santikorn Pakdeesettakul (Researcher, Thailand Environment Institute), as a part of the project entitled “Asian Opinion Leaders’ Exchange” and organized the International Seminar “Forging Partnership for Achieving a Sustainable Society Challenges and Opportunities of Social Collaboration in the Areas of Waste Management in Thailand” in Tokyo on 22 July 2016. Prof. Kazuhiro Takemoto, UNU-IAS moderated the discussions and Dr. Hideaki Fujiyoshi, JESC, Dr. Yasuhiko Hotta, IGES, Dr. Michikazu Kojima, IDE-JETRO, Mr. Hironori Shimoda, JVC, and Mr. Masanori Kobayashi, SPF, joined it as panelists and discussant.
Dr. Wijarn Simachaya stated that the solid waste volume is likely to increase over 27 million ton per year and stressed that it is vital to promote collaboration between the local government and local people in order to undertake measures effective to talking this challenge. Nevertheless, it is still prevalent that the waste management facility is considered as NIMBY ? Not in my backyard to mean that it is not welcome in my neighborhood) and such facilities are not fully functional at this stage. In this context, he presented the measures undertaken to facilitate the implementation of the roadmap and master plans for sound waste management as national action plans developed from the long term and strategic viewpoints.
Dr. Wijarn Simachaya・Dr. Qwanruedee Chotichanathawong
Prof. Kazuhiko TAKEMOTO
As part of its “Asian Opinion Leaders Exchange Program”, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation invited Dr. Parni Hadi Kasanpuro, the founder of Indonesia’s largest NGO Dompet Dhuafa (“Poor Man’s Wallet”, in Indonesian), to lead a discussion entitled, “Social Contribution in Islamic Societies: The Experience of Dompet Dhuafa” in Tokyo on 13 December 2016. Dr. Imam Rulyawan (President, Dompet Dhuafa), Mr. Yudha Abadi (General Manager, Health and Education Program, Dompet Dhuafa), and Dr. Bambang Widjojanto (former Vice Chief, Indonesia Corruption Eradication Commission and Visiting Fellow at the Sasakawa Peace Foundation) also participated in the panel discussion.
Before founding Dompet Dhuafa, Dr. Parni Hadi worked as a journalist and lecturer in Education. Feeling a strong personal obligation to serve his community, he began promoting activities aimed at poverty alleviation and created innovative socio-economic projects in line with the Islamic duty, “zakat”. Dompet Dhuafa aims to improve society and eradicate poverty as well as building trust in zakat organizations by promoting transparency and accountability. Today, Dompet Dhuafa employs around 10,000 volunteers and their work has touched the lives of nearly 13 million people. In recognition of this work, Dompet Dhuafa was awarded the 2016 “Ramon Magsaysay Award”.
Dr. Parni Hadi Kasanpuro