The Ideal State of Legislative Systems on the Integrated Development, Use and Conservation of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Continental Shelf
OPRI intensively followed up on the "Policy Proposals on the Integrated Development, Use and Conservation of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Continental Shelf," compiled in FY2010 (and presented in June 2011), revised several parts of the contents of the proposal, and created a working draft for the establishment of a comprehensive law system on ocean management for future use in the government.
Policy Proposal on the Integrated Development, Use and Conservation of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Continental Shelf
In accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the enormous seas surrounding Japan, over 10 times the size of our land, have been put in our jurisdiction. In particular, our Exclusive Economic Zone is one of the world's leading prominent fishing areas and a zone potentially abundant in energy and minerals, and is a frontier where practical possibilities for other renewable energy in the ocean can be produced.
Draft Outline of the Law on the Integrated Development, Use and Conservation of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and Continental Shelf
This law based on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and other international agreements, in accordance with the Basic Act on Ocean Policy (Act No. 33, 2007) shall specify basic principles, the formulation of basic policies by the government and other necessary items in order to integrally develop, use, and conserve the Exclusive Economic Zones (Exclusive Economic Zones specified in Article 1-1 of the Act on Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Act No. 74, 1996) and continental shelf specified in Article 2 of the same act. Hereafter the same), and shall promote the sustainable development and use of the ocean while striving for the conservation of the ocean environment in order to contribute to the harmonious coexistence of mankind and the ocean, in addition to endeavoring for the stable improvement of the livelihood of citizens and the wholesome development of Japan's economy and society.
Systemization of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM)
This investigative study involved the examination of the following details in a four-year period from FY2011 to FY2014 on the state of the systems for promoting the implementation of comprehensive management of coastal areas in our country.
1)Understanding and organization of the current state of coastal management systems
2)Understanding and organization of the issues and topics concerning coastal management
3) Examination of ICM conducted with the region at the core
4)Formulation of policy proposals based on the findings from examining the state of the system of ICM conducted with the region at the center, to promote the implementation of ICM in our country.
In FY2011 and FY2012, OPRI engaged in (1) and (2) above and organized the system, issues and topics concerning coastal management. In FY2013, OPRI discussed (3) above to make policy proposals, scheduled to be completed in FY2014.
In OPRI's research conducted in FY2013, continued from FY2012, the Comprehensive Ocean Policy Research Committee (hereinafter referred to as the "Committee") conducted an investigative study from a comprehensive perspective, incorporating scientific findings, technology and the current state of the economy and society, etc. regarding the ocean and coastal areas. Moreover, the "Working Group to Establish Legislative Systems for Ocean Management" and "Working Group to Systemize Comprehensive Management of Coastal Areas" were newly set up under the Committee, and have been carrying out more detailed investigations on related issues.